تاثیر سطوح مختلف سیاه دانه جیره غذایی بر فاکتورهای بیوشیمیایی همولنف میگوی پاسفید غربی (Penaeus vannamei)

نوع مقاله: علوم جانوری

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم و فنون دریایی، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

2 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 گروه پاتولوژی، دانشگده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

4 گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

در این آزمایش تاثیر سطوح مختلف سیاه ­دانه جیره بر برخی از فاکتورهای بیوشیمیایی  میگوی پاسفید غربی (Penaeus vannamei) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. پنج جیره با سطوح مختلف سیاه ­دانه شامل صفر (شاهد)، 0/5، 1/5، 3 و 5 درصد در قالب پنج تیمار و هر تیمار شامل سه تکرار و هر تکرار نیز محتوی 40 عدد میگو (گرم 0/2±7/5) طراحی شدند. بعد از 12 هفته غذادهی، سطوح گلوکز، آلکالین فسفاتاز (ALP) و سوپراکسید دیسموتاز (SOD) پلاسمای میگو، در تیمارهایی که سیاه­دانه مصرف کرده بودند به ­طور معنی ­داری از تیمار شاهد کم ­تر بود (0/05>P). هم ­چنین میزان کراتینین (CREA)، پروتئین کل، ازت اوره همولنف (Hemolymph Urea Nitrogen)، اسیداوریک (Uric acid) و اوره (Urea/HUN liquid) نیز در تیمارهای سیاه­ دانه از تیمار شاهد کم ­تر بود اما این تفاوت ­ها معنی­ دار نبودند (0/05<P). از لحاظ میزان کلسیم و منیزیم، هیچ تفاوت معنی ­داری بین تیمارها مشاهده نشد (0/05<P)، هم­ چنین افزایش معنی ­داری در میزان فسفات در تیمارهای سیاه­ دانه 1/5 و 5 درصد نسبت به گروه شاهد مشاهده گردید (0/05>P). در مجموع آزمایش حاضر نشان داد که افزودن سیاه ­دانه در سطوح 1/5 و 3 درصد، به جیره می ­تواند تاثیر مطلوبی بر فاکتورهای بیوشیمیایی همولنف میگوی پاسفید غربی، داشته باشد و به تولید پایدار میگو کمک کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


  1. Abd Elmonem, A.; Shalaby, S. M.M. and El-Dakar, A.Y., 2002. Response of red tilapia to different levels of some medicinal plants by-products: black seed and roquette seed meals. in: Proceeding of the 1st Conference on Aquaculture El Arish, Egypt. pp: 247-260.
  2. Ahmed, M.; Attia, A.M. and Nasr, H.M., 2009. Dimethoate-induced changes in biochemical parameters of experimental rat serum and its neutralization by black seed (Nigella sativa L.) oil. International Journal of Agliculture Science. Vol. 42, No. 2, pp: 87-94.
  3. Al-Ankari, A.S., 2005. Immunomodulating effects of black cumin and oxytetracycline in pigeons. Journal of Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology. Vol. 27, pp: 515-520.
  4. Al-Awadi, F.M.; Fatania, H. and Shamte, U., 1991. The effect of a plants mixture extract on liver gluconeogenesis in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Diabetes Research (Edinburgh, Scotland). Vol. 18, No. 4, pp:163-168.
  5. Al-Gaby, A.M., 1988. Amino acid composition and biological effects of supplementing broad bean and corn proteins withNigella sativa (Black cumin) cake protein. Nahrung. Vol. 42, pp: 290-294.
  6. Al-Hader, A.; Aqel, M. and Hasan, Z., (1993). Hypoglycemic effects of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology. Vol. 31, No. 2, pp: 96-100.
  7. Al-Homidan, A.; Al-qarawi, A.A.; Al-waily, S.A. and Adam, S.E.I., 2002. Response of broiler chicks to dietary Rhazya stricta and Nigella sativa. British Poultry Science. Vol. 43, pp: 291-296.
  8. Ali, B.H. and Blunden, G., 2003. Pharmacological and toxicological properties of Nigella sativa. PhytotherapyResearch: PTR. Vol. 17, pp: 299-305.
  9. Al-Okbi1, S.Y.; Mohamed, D.A.; Hamed, T.E. and Edris, A.E., 2013. Potential protective effect of Nigella sativa crude oils towards fatty liver in rats. Euroup Journal Lipid Science Technology. No. 115, pp: 774-782.
  10. Alsaif, M.A., 2007. Effect of Thymoquinone on Ethanol-induced Hepatotoxicity in Wistar Rats. Journal of Medicine Science. Vol. 7, No. 7, pp: 1164-1170.
  11. Ames, B.N.; Cathcart, R. and Schwiers, E., 1981. Uric acid provides an antioxidant defense in human against oxidant and radical caused aging and cancer: a hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Vol. 78, pp: 6858-6862.
  12. Atta, M.B., 2003. Some characteristics of Nigella (Nigella sativa L.) seed cultivated in Egypt and its lipid profile. Food Chemistry Journal. No. 83, pp: 63-68.
  13. Badary, O.A., 1999. Thymoquinone attenuates ifosfamide-induced fanconi syndrome in rats and enhances its antitumor activity in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol. 67, pp: 135-142.
  14. Bilen, S.; Altunoglu Çelik, Y.; Ulu, F. and Biswas, G., 2016b. Innate immune and growth promoting responses to caper (Capparis spinosa) extract in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish and Shellfish Immunology. Vol.57, pp: 206-212.
  15. Bilen, S.; Bulut, M. and Bilen, M.A., 2011. Immunostimulant effects of Cotinus coggyria on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Fish and Shellfish Immunology. Vol. 30, pp:  451-455.
  16. Bilen, S.; Ünal, S. and Güvensoy, H., 2016a. Effects of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) and nettle (Urtica dioica) methanolic extracts on immune responses and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. Vol. 454, pp: 90-94.
  17. Bilen, S.; Yılmaz, S.; Bilen, M.A. and Biswas, G., 2014. Effects of dietary incorporation of tetra (Cotinus coggygria) extract on immune response and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio), 7 pages, Israeli Journal of Aquaculture. E Bamidgeh. Vol. 66, pp: 1-6.
  18. Bowles, B.L. and Miller, A.J., 1993. Antibotulinal properties of selected aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes. Journal of Food Protection. Vol. 56, pp: 788-794.
  19. Braak, K.V.D., 2002. Haemocytic defence in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). PhD thesis. Fisheries Department. Wageningen University. The Netherlands. 168 p.
  20. Devi, K.; Sarma, H. and Kumar, S., 2008. Estimation of essential and trace elements in some medicinal plants by PIXE and PIGE techniques. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Res. B. Vol. 266, pp: 1605-1610.
  21. Djangmah, J.S., 1970. The effects of feeding and starvation on copper in the blood and hepatopancreas, and on blood proteins of Crangon Íulgaris Fabricius. Comparative of Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol. 32, pp:709-731.
  22. Downs, C.; Fauth, J.E. and Woodley, C.M., 2001. Assessing the health of grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) exposed to natural and anthropogenic stressors: a molecular biomarker system. Marine Biotechnology. Vol. 3, pp: 380-397.
  23. Dugenci, S.K.; Arda, N. and Candan, A., 2003. Some medicinal plants as immunostimulant for fish. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol. 88, No. 1, pp: 99-106.
  24. El-Dakhakhny, M.; Mady, N.; Lembert, N. and Ammon, H.P., 2002. The hypoglycemic effect of Nigella sativa oil is mediated by extrapancreatic actions. Planta Medica. Vol. 68, pp: 465-466.
  25. Ellis, A.E., 1990. Lysozyme Assays. Techniques in Fish Immunology. pp:101-103.
  26. Farag, R.S.; Badei, A.Z.M.; Hewedi, F.M. and El- Baroty, G.S.A., 1989. Antioxidant activity of some spice essential oils on linoleic acid oxidation in aqueous media. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. Vol. 66, pp: 792-799.
  27. Garba, S.H.; Adelaye, A.B. and Mshelia, L.Y., 2007. Histopathological and biochemical changes in the rats kidney following exposure to a pyrethroid based mosquito coil. Journal of Applied Sciences. Research. Vol. 3, pp: 1788-1793.
  28. Harikrishnan, R.; Kim, J.S.; Kim, M.C.; Balasundaram, C. and Heo, M., 2011. Lactuca indica extract as feed additive enhances immunological parameters and disease resistance in Epinephelus bruneus to Streptococcus iniae, Aquaculture. Vol. 318, pp: 43-47.
  29. Heshmati, N. and Namazi, M., 2015. Effects of black seed (Nigella sativa) on metabolicparameters in diabetes mellitus: a systematic review, Complement. Therapeutic Medicine. Vol. 23, pp: 275-282.
  30. Hoffmann, J.A.; Kafatos, F.C.; Janeway, C.A. and Ezekowitz, R.A., 1999. Phylogenetic perspectives in innate immunity. Science. Vol. 284, pp: 131-138.
  31. Hsieh, S.L.; Ruan, Y.H.; Li, Y.C.; Hsieh, P.S.; Hu, C.H. and Kuo, C.M., 2008. Immune and physiological responses in pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) to vibrio alginolyticus. Aquaculture. Vol. 275, pp: 335-341.
  32. Hsu, S.W. and Chen, J.C., 2007. The immune response of white shrimp Penaeus vannamei and its susceptibility to vibrio alginolyticus under sulfide stress. Aquaculture. Vol. 271, pp: 61-69.
  33. Itami, T.; Asano, M. and Tokushige, K., 1998. Enhancement of disease resistance of Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicas. after oral administration of peptidoglycan derived from Bifidobacterium thermophilum. Aquaculture. Vol. 164, pp: 277-288.
  34. Jiravanichpaisal, P.; Lee, B.L. and Söderhäll, K., 2006. Cell-mediated immunity in arthropods: hematopoiesis, coagulation, melanization and opsonization. Immunobiology. Vol. 211, pp: 213-236.
  35. John, C.; Mesalhy, S.; Rezk, M.; El Naggar, G. and Fathi, M., 2007. Effect of some immunostimulants as feed additives on the survival and growth performance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus and their response to artificial infection, Egypt. Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries. Vol. 11, pp: 1299-1308.
  36. Jueliang, P.; Chuchird, N. and Limsuwan, C., 2013. The effects of probiotic, b-1,3-glucan and organic acid on pacific withe shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Immune system and survival upon challenge with ibrio harveyi. Kasetsart University fisheries research bulletin. Vol. 37, No. 3.
  37. Kaleem, M.; Kirmani, D.; Asif, M.; Ahmed, Q. and Bano, B., 2006. Biochemical effects of Nigella sativa L. seeds in diabetic rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 44, pp: 745-748.
  38. Kanter, M.; Akpolat, M. and Aktas, C., 2009. Protective effects of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds on beta-cell damage in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: a light and electron microscopic study. Journal of Molecular Histology. Vol. 40, pp: 379-385.
  39. Kanter, M.; Coskun, O.; Korkmaz, A. and Oter, S., 2004. Effects of Nigella sativa on oxidative stress and beta-cell damage in streptozotocin-induced diabeticrats. The Anatomical Record. Part A, Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 279, pp: 685-691.
  40. Kennedy, L. and Baynes, J.W., 1984. Non-enzymatic glycosylation and the chronic complications of diabetes. An Overview. Diabetologica. Vol. 24, pp: 93-98.
  41. Khan, S.H.; Ashraf-Anjum, M.; Parveen, A.; Khawaja, T. and Ashraf, N.M., 2013. Effects of black cumin seed (Nigella sativa L.) on performance and immune system in newly evolved crossbred laying hens. Veterinary Quarterly. Vol. 33, No. 1, pp: 13-19
  42. Kumar, V.; Sinha, A.K. and Tidwell, J.H., 2016. Metabolic implicatins of ietary cholesterol in shrimp.Aquaculture, Meeting Abstract.
  43. Kuo, C.M.; Hsu, C.R. and Lin, C.Y., 1995. Hyperglycaemic effects of dopamine in tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture. Vol. 135, No. 1, pp: 61-72.
  44. Liu, C.H.; Cheng, W.; Hsu, J.P. and Chen, J.C., 2004. Vibrio alginolyticus infection in the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei confirmed by polymerase chain reaction and 16S rDNA sequencing. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. Vol. 61, pp: 169-174.
  45. Lo, C.F.; Chang, Y.S.; Peng. S.E. and Kou, G.H., 2003. Major viral diseases of Penaeus monodon in Taiwan. Journal of Fisheries Society of Taiwan. Vol. 30, pp: 1-13.
  46. Mahjoubi, S.A.; Fetoui, H. and Zeghal, N., 2008. Nephrotoxicity induced by dimethoate in adult rats and their suckling pups. Pesticide. Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol. 91, pp: 96-103.
  47. Mathiesen, A.M., 2012. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy.
  48. Mathiesen, A.M., 2017. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. 30 p.
  49. Meral, I.; Yener, Z.; Kahraman, T. and Mert, N., 2001. Effect of Nigella sativa on glucose concentration, lipid peroxidation, anti-oxidant defence system and liver damage in experimentally-induced diabetic rabbits. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine. Vol. 48, pp: 593-599.
  50. Mohtashami, R.; Amini, M.; Fallah Huseini, H.; Ghamarchehre, M.; Sadeqhi, Z.; Hajiagaee, R. and Fallah Huseini, A., 2011. Blood Glucose Lowering Effects of Nigella Sativa L. Seeds Oil in Healthy Volunteers: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Journal of Medicinal Plants. Vol. 10, No. 39.
  51. Moneim, A.; El-Feki, M. and Salah, E., 1997. Effect of Nigella sativa, fish oil and gliclazide on alloxan diabetic rats 1-biochemical and histo-pathological studies. Journal of the Egyptian- German Society of Zoology. Vol. 23, pp:237-265.
  52. Morsi, N.M., 2000. Antimicrobial effect of crude extracts of Nigella sativa on multiple antibiotics-resistant bacteria. Acta Microbiologica Polonica. Vol. 49, pp: 63-74.
  53. Nasir, Z.; Abid, A.R.; Hayat, Z. and Shakoor, H.I., 2005. Effect of kalongi (Nigella sativa) seeds on egg production and quality in white Leghorn layers. Journal of Animal and Plant Science. Vol. 15, pp: 22-24.
  54. Neves, C.A.; Santos, E.A. and Bainy, A.C.D., 2000. Reduce superoxide dismutase activity in Palaemonetes argentines (Decapoda, Palemonidae) infected by Probopyrus ringueleti (Isopoda, Bopyridae). Disease of Aquatic Organisms. Vol. 39, pp: 155-158.
  55. Nwanjo, H.U.; Okafor, M.C. and Oze, G.O., 2005. Changes in biochemical parameters of kidney function in rats co-administered with chloroquine and aspirin. Journal ofClinical Science. Vol. 23, pp: 10-12.
  56. Palacios, E.; Ibarra, A.M. and Racotta, I.S., 2000. Tissue biochemical composition in relation to multiple spawning in wild and pond-reared Penaeus vannamei broodstock. Aquaculture. Vol. 185, pp: 353-371.
  57. Rathee, P.S.; Mishra, S.H. and Kaughal, R., 1982. Antimicrobial activity of essential oil, fixed oil and unsaponifiable matter of Nigella sativa Linn. Indian. Journal of Pharmacology Science. Vol. 44, pp: 8-10.
  58. Rodriguez, J. and Le Moullac, G., 2000. State of the art of immunological tools and health control of penaeid shrimp. Aquaculture. Vol. 191, pp: 109-119.
  59. Salem, M.L., 2005. Immunomodulatroy and therapeutic properties of the Nigella sativa L. seed. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. Vol. 5, pp: 1749-1770.
  60. Shrififar, F.; Assadipour, A.; Moshafi, M.H.; Alishahi, F. and Mahmoudvand, H., 2016.  Bioassay Screening of the Essential Oil and Various Extracts of Nigella sativa L. Seeds Using Brine Shrimp Toxicity Assay. Journal of Herbal Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp: 26-31.
  61. Sharif Rohani, M.; Dashtiannasab, A.; Ghaednia, B.; Mirbakhsh, M.; Yeganeh, V. and Vahabnezhad, A., 2013. Investigation of the possibility use of Zataria multiflora (Avishan-e Shirazi) essence in control of fungal contamination of cultured shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. Vol.12, pp: 454-464.
  62. Söderhäll, K. and Smith, V.J., 1983. Separation of the haemocyte populations of Carcinus maenas and other marine decapods, and prophenoloxidase distribution. Developmental and Comparative Immunology. Vol. 7, pp: 229-239.
  63. Srinivasan, K., 2017. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) and black cumin (Nigella sativa) seeds: traditional uses, chemical constituents, and nutraceutical effects. Food Quality and Safety. No. 2, pp: 1-16.
  64. Takruri, H.R.H. and Dameh, M.A.F., 1998. Study of the nutritional value of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Vol. 76, pp: 404-410.
  65. Tan, C.G.; Li, X.Q.; Leng, X.J.; Su, X.G.; Chen, L.; Liu, B.; Ma, F.; Cai, X.Q. and Guo, T., 2014. Effects of supplemental Azomite in diets on growth, mmune function and disease resistance of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquaculture Nutrition. No. 20, pp: 324-331.
  66. Toghyani, M.; Gheisari, A.; Ghalamkari, G. and Mohammadrezaei, M., 2010. Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood hematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita). Livestock Science. No. 129, pp: 173-178.
  67. Valizadeh, N.; Zakeri, H.R.; Amin- asnafi, G.; Shafiee, A.; Sarkhail, P.; Heshmat, R.; Sereshti, H. and Larijani, B., 2009. Impact of Black seed (Nigella sativa) extract on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Vol. 17, pp: 20-25.
  68. Venkatramalingam, K.; Christopher, J.G. and Citarasu, T., 2007. Zingiber officinalis an herbal appetizer in the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Fabricius) larviculture. Aquaculture Nutrition. Vol. 13, pp: 439-443.
  69. Wang, H.; Dai, A.; Liu, F. and Guan, Y., 2013. Effects of dietary astaxanthin on the immune response, resistance to white spot syndrome virus and transcription of antioxidant enzyme genes in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei.  Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences.Vol. 3, No. 2,
    pp: 699-718.
  70. Warner, H.R., 1994. Superoxide dismutase, aging, and degenerative disease. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. Vol. 3, pp: 249-258.
  71. Winston, G.W., 1991. Oxidants and antioxidants in aquatic animals. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Vol. 100, pp: 173-176.
  72. Yalçın, S.; Erol, H.; Buğdaycı, K.E.; Özsoy, B. and Çakır, S., 2009. Effects of dietary black cumin seed (Nigella sativa L.) on performance, egg traits, egg cholesterol content and egg yolk fatty acid composition in laying hens. Journal of the Science of Food Agriculture. Vol. 89, pp: 1737-1742.
  73. Yang, C.; Chen, N.; Lu, L.; Chen, S. and Lai, C., 2014. Effect of Mushroom Beta Glucan on Immune and Haemocyte Response in Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Journal Aquaculture Research Development. Vol. 5, No. 6, p: 275.
  74. Yu, C.I. and Song, Y.L., 2000. Outbreaks of Taura syndrome in Pacific white shrimp Penaeus vannamei cultured in Taiwan. Fish Pathology. Vol. 35, pp: 21-24.
  75. Zaoui, A.; Cherrah, Y.; Mahassini, N.; Alaoui, K.; Amarouch, H. and Hassar, M., 2002. Acute and chronic toxicity of Nigella sativa fixed oil. Phytomedicine. Vol. 9, No. 1, pp: 69-74.
  76. Zerin, M.; Karakilpk, A.Z.; Nazligiil, Y. and Bitiren, M., 2004. Ratlarda deneysel karaciber hasan uzerine corek otu yagrnm koruyucu rolu. Journal of Medicine. Science. Vol. 24, pp:  598-631.