اثرسطوح مختلف عصاره گیاه سالیکورنیا Salicornia sp بر عملکرد رشد و ترکیبات شیمیایی بدن ماهی کفال خاکستری (Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758)

نوع مقاله: فیزیولوژی (جانوری)

نویسندگان

گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم دریایی، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به ­منظور بررسی اثر سطوح مختلف عصاره گیاه سالیکورنیا (Salicornia sp) بر عملکرد رشد و ترکیبات شیمیایی ماهی کفال خاکستری (Mugil cephalus) به ­مدت 60 روز صورت گرفت. در این مطالعه، تعداد 240 قطعه ماهی با میانگین وزنی 0/43±8/42 گرم در یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 4 تیمار آزمایشی و 3 تکرار (با تعداد 20 قطعه در هر تکرار) مورد آزمایش قرار گرفتند. تیمار شاهد (بدون عصاره گیاه) و تیمارهای آزمایشی 2، 3 و 4 به­ ترتیب دارای 500، 1000 و 1500 میلی­ گرم بر کیلوگرم عصاره گیاه در غذا بودند. در پایان آزمایش، بالاترین وزن نهایی 2/03±26/74 گرم، میزان افزایش وزن به ­دست آمده 14/97±216/85 گرم، میزان رشد روزانه 0/12±0/20 درصد، نرخ رشد ویژه 0/17±1/91 درصد، میزان بقاء 1/14±93/ 60 درصد، کم­ ترین ضریب تبدیل غذایی 0/11±1/44 درصد، بالاترین راندمان کارایی پروتئین 1/39±9/03 درصد در تیمار حاوی 1500 میلی­ گرم بر کیلوگرم عصاره گیاه مشاهده شد که با تیمار شاهد دارای تفاوت معنی ­دار بود (0/05>P). بیش ­ترین میزان پروتئین خام و رطوبت در تیمار حاوی 1500 میلی­ گرم عصاره گیاه بر کیلوگرم غذا مشاهده شد. در مجموع براساس نتایج این تحقیق افزودن 1500 میلی ­گرم بر کیلوگرم عصاره گباه سالیکورنیا به جیره غذایی ماهی کفال خاکستری به ­منظور بهبود رشد وکیفیت لاشه در این ماهی پیشنهاد می­ شود.

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