اثر منابع مختلف مکمل سلنیوم بر عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه، جمعیت باکتری‌های ایلئوم، فراسنجه‌های خونی، آنزیم‌های کبدی، فعالیت هورمونی و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی پلاسمای خون در جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: تغذیه

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

2 گروه علوم دامی، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران

10.22034/aej.2020.110689

چکیده

تاثیر منابع مختلف مکمل سلنیوم بر عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه، جمعیت باکتری ‌های ایلئوم، فراسنجه ‌های خونی، آنزیم‌ های کبدی، فعالیت هورمونی و فعالیت آنتی ‌اکسیدانی پلاسمای خون در جوجه ‌های گوشتی در آزمایشی با استفاده از تعداد 500 قطعه جوجه نر یک ­روزه از سویه تجاری راس 308 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی توسط با 10 تیمار، 5 تکرار (هر تکرار شامل 10 پرنده) انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل:  تیمار 1) جیره پایه (شاهد)، تیمارهای 2، 3 و 4) به ­ترتیب جیره پایه به ­علاوه 0/5، 0/8 و 1/2 میلی ‌گرم نانو‌سلنیوم، تیمارهای 5، 6 و 7) به ­ترتیب جیره پایه به­ علاوه 0/5، 0/8 و 1/2 میلی ‌گرم مت­سلنیوم (Met-selenium) و تیمارهای 8، 9 و 10) به ­ترتیب جیره پایه به ­علاوه 65، 80 و 100 میلی ‌گرم ویتامین E و سلنیوم، بودند. نتایج نشان داد که اختلاف وزن بدن، شاخص تولید و فعالیت آنتی ­اکسیدانی در گروه حاوی نانو‌سلنیوم در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش معنی ‌داری داشت (0/05>P). تعداد باکتری‌ های کلی­فرم ایلئوم در جیره‌ های حاوی نانو‌سلنیوم و مت سلنیوم نسبت به شاهد کاهش معنی ‌داری داشت (0/05>P). آنزیم­ های کبدی و فاکتورهای خونی در گروه حاوی نانو‌سلنیوم با شاهد تفاوت معنی‌ داری داشتند (0/05>P). غلظت‌ های T3، T4 و نسبت T3 به T4 در تیمار حاوی 1/2 میلی‌ گرم نانو‌سلنیوم با شاهد اختلاف معنی ‌داری داشتند (0/05>P). نتایج نشان می ‌دهد که نانو‌سلنیوم در مقایسه با مت سلنیوم و ویتامین E سلنیوم، می‌ تواند منجر به بهبود بازده تولید در جوجه‌ های گوشتی شود.

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