تجزیه و تحلیل بیزین پارامترهای ژنتیکی برای صفات ایمنی همورال و باقی مانده مصرف خوراک در بلدرچین ژاپنی

نوع مقاله: ژنتیک

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 دانشکده کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه کوئینزلند، بریزبین، استرالیا

10.22034/aej.2020.110811

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه برآورد پارامترهای ژنتیکی صفات ایمنی هومورال (تیتر آنتی‌ بادی علیه سلول ‌های قرمز خونی گوسفندی (SRBC) و ویروس بیماری نیوکاسل (NDV)) و باقی ­مانده مصرف خوراک از 20 تا 45 روزگی در بلدرچین ژاپنی بود. بدین منظور از تعداد 2492 رکورد صفت باقی ­مانده مصرف خوراک و 5238 رکورد مربوط به صفات ایمنی استفاده شد. پارامترهای ژنتیکی صفات با استفاده از تجزیه و تحلیل تک و دو صفتی از طریق نمونه ‌گیری گیبس برآورد شد. وراثت­ پذیری های برآورد شده برای تیتر آنتی ‌بادی کل (AbT)، تیتر (IgY) ایمونوگلوبولین Y، تیتر (IgMایمونوگولوبولین M و تیتر (IgF) ایمونوگولوبولین F برعلیه SRBC به ­ترتیب برابر 0/08، 0/14، 0/02 و 0/24 اما وراثت­ پذیری تیتر آنتی ‌بادی برعلیه (NDV (AbNDV پایین ­تر از برآوردهای آنتی ­ژن (0/05=SRBC  (hبود. وراثت­ پذیری باقی ­مانده مصرف خوراک در سنین مختلف در دامنه 0/04 تا 0/07 به ­دست آمد. همبستگی ژنتیکی بین تیتر آنتی‌ بادی کل و IgY مثبت و بالا (0/92) بود. همبستگی ژنتیکی بین RFI با IgM منفی و با سایر ایمونوگولوبولین ‌ها (IgY, AbT, IgF) و NDV مثبت بود. از این مطالعه نتیجه­ گیری می­ شود که انتخاب برای IgF با وراثت ­پذیری 0/24 به ­دلیل داشتن همبستگی ژنتیکی منفی (0/23-) با باقی­ مانده مصرف خوراک موجب بهبود این صفت و کاهش هزینه‌ ها، عمدتاً مرتبط با بحث خوراک و انتخاب از روی فنوتیپ حیوانات، می ‌شود. از طرفی به ­دلیل همبستگی مثبت، متوسط و بالای آن با سایر ایمونوگلوبولین‌ ها (0/80-0/34) انتخاب آن منجر به کاهش پاسخ­ های ایمنی هومورال در بلدرچین نمی ‌شود.

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