اثرات پربیوتیک دیواره سلولی مخمر (ایمنووال) بر پارامترهای رشد و خون ‌شناسی تاس ماهی ایرانی (Acipenser persicus) جوان

نوع مقاله: تغذیه

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گیلان، صومعه ‌سرا، ایران

2 موسسه تحقیقات بین المللی تاس ماهیان دریای خزر، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رشت، ایران

3 گروه شیلات، دانشکده شیلات و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

10.22034/aej.2020.115584

چکیده

در این مطالعه اثرات مکمل پربیوتیک ایمنووال بر عملکرد رشد و برخی پارامتر‌های خون ‌شناسی تاس ­ماهی ایرانی (Acipenser persicus) بررسی گردید. بدین ­منظور، تاس ­ماهیان ایرانی جوان با میانگین وزن اولیه 0/39±47/78 در 9 مخزن (500 لیتری) در سه تیمار به همراه سه تکرار به ­طور تصادفی توزیع و با جیره پایه حاوی دو سطح از مکمل پربیوتیک ایمنووال شامل 0/5 و 1 درصد و جیره فاقد مکمل پربیوتیک (تیمار شاهد) طی هشت هفته تغذیه شدند. پس از پایان دوره تغذیه، اختلاف معنی ­داری در شاخص ­های رشد و تغذیه ماهیان مشاهده نگردید (0/05<p ). بررسی پارامتر­‌های خون ‌شناسی نشان داد که تعداد یاخته‌­ های قرمز(RBC) و هموگلوبین در ماهیان تغذیه شده با جیره حاوی 1 درصد مکمل پربیوتیک به ­طور معنی ‌­داری بالاتر از تیمار شاهد بود (0/05>p ). تفاوت معنی­‌ داری بین پارامتر­‌های حجم متوسط یاخته قرمز (MCV)، میانگین هموگلوبین در سلول (MCH) و میانگین غلظت هموگلوبین در سلول (MCHC)، یاخته سفید خون، نوتروفیل، لنفوسیت و مونوسیت ‌­ها مشاهده نشد (0/05<p ). این مطالعه نشان داد که مصرف مکمل پربیوتیک ایمنووال در دو سطح 0/5 و 1 درصد اثر معنی ‌داری بر پارامتر­‌های رشد و کارایی ندارد. هم­ چنین استفاده از 1 درصد جیره حاوی مکمل پربیوتیک ایمنووال می ­‌تواند سبب تغییر معنی ‌دار در برخی از پارامتر‌های خون ­‌شناسی تاس ­ماهیان ایرانی جوان شود. به­ منظور تأیید تأثیر مثبت پربیوتیک نیاز است که شاخص ­های بیوشیمیایی، پاسخ ­های ایمنی و هم ­چنین میزان زنده­ مانی ماهی در مواجهه با میکروب­ های بیماری ­زا مورد بررسی قرار گیرد.

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