عنوان مقاله [English]
When the needs and behaviors of wildlife affect humans or the behavior of wildlife negatively affects the needs of wildlife, the conflict between humans and wildlife occurs. The purpose of current study is to investigate the conflict between human and wildlife in rural and urban environments in Robat Karim. For this purpose, it was used purposive sampling method, 45 academics, health department, environment department, municipality (municipal services, transportation and waste management unit), environmental NGOs, agricultural and livestock activists and Indigenous guys were selected and interviewed in an unstructured form. Then, by using inductive qualitative content analysis, the findings of the interview were interpreted and classified. Thus, using the open coding method, the first meanings extracted from the interviews are "concepts"; Categorization of concepts, "subcodes"; and subcategory categorization, "main codes" were extracted. From the open coding results, 4 main categories were obtained. Main category 1 pointed to damage to garden facilities and destruction of agricultural products, main category 2 pointed to inflict economic losses and create fear and panic among the villagers, main category 3 pointed to damage and cause severe livestock casualties and main category 4 pointed to disrupt discipline and The tranquility of the urban environment and the transmission of pathogens have been emphasized. In general, public media, forming an environmental committee in the city governorate, forming NGOs with the aim of holding training courses, cooperation of the city environmental organization with the municipality to collect stray dogs and sterilize them, cooperation of relevant organizations with the health network organization to vaccinate stray dogs to reduce epidemics illnesses, insuring gardens (facilities and products), insuring livestock (sheep and goats) are approaches to mitigate human-wildlife conflict.