اکولوژی تولیدمثلی زنبورخوار اروپایی (Merops apiaster) در شهرستان کهگیلویه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

10.22034/aej.2022.158110

چکیده

در بهار سال 1398، 20 لانه فعال زنبورخوار اروپایی (Merops apiaster) در یک منطقه جنگلی 500 هکتاری در منطقه چاروسا در شهرستان کهگیلویه بررسی شد و خصوصیات هر لانه و نیز عملکرد تولیدمثلی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. میانگین قطر عمودی و افقی دهانه لانه ها، به ترتیب 88/90±61/10 و 14/97±61/75 میلی ­متر و میانگین عمق عمودی و افقی حفره ­ها، به ترتیب 4/31±30/30 و 22/81±77/65 میلی ­متر می ­باشد. میانگین مساحت لانه ­ها 9/861±30/745 سانتی ­متر مربع و حجم لانه ها 1101/82±3290/61 سانتی­ متر مکعب بود. میانگین شیب لانه ­ها 27/61±63/6 درجه می ­باشد. اغلب پرنده ­ها،­ در هفته سوم اردیبهشت تخم گذاشتند که میانگین تخم ­های گذاشته شده با دامنه 4 تا 7 تخم در هر لانه 0/77±5/9 تخم می ­باشد. میانگین طول دوره انکوباسیون 1/19±17/95 روز با دامنه 16 تا 20 روز بود و مدت زمان ماندن جوجه ­ها در لانه، 0/71±24 روز با دامنه 21 تا 24 روز بود. بیش از 80 درصد از جوجه ها در هفته دوم تیر ماه، لانه ­ها را ترک کرده ­اند. میانگین فلدجینگ (جوجه ­هایی که توانایی ترک لانه را دارند) در لانه ­های موفق، 0/65±6/0 و در کل لانه­ ها 1/45±5/70 جوجه می ­باشد. کل دوره تولیدمثلی 1/15±55/21 روز بود و در نهایت، درصد موفقیت تولیدمثلی لانه ­ها 95% بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Breeding ecology of European bee-eater (Merops apiaster) in Kohgilouyeh city

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Nikzadeh
  • Arya Shafaeipour
  • Behzad Fathinia
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In the spring of 2019, breeding performance and nest characteristics of 20 European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) active nests in a 500-hectare forest area in the Charosa area in Kohgiluyeh city were studied. The average vertical and horizontal diameter of the nest entrance was 61.88±10.90 and 61.75±14.97 mm respectively. The average vertical and horizontal depth of the hole was 30.30±4.31 and 77.65±22.81 mm. The average area of the nests was 30.745±9.861 cm2, and the volume of the nests was 3290.61±1101.82 cm3. The average slope of the nests was 63.6±27.61 degrees. Most of the birds laid their eggs in the second week of May that clutch sizes were between four and seven (mean: 5.9±0.77). The incu­bation period varied from 16 to 20 days (mean: 17.95±1.19 days) and the duration of the nest­ling period varied from 21 to 24 days (mean: 24±0.71 days). More than 80% of the chicks left the nests in the last days of June. The number of fledglings was 6.0±0.65 in successful nests and 5.70±1.45 in all nests. The overall duration of breeding was 55.21±1.15 days, and the per­centage of successful nests (at least one fledged young) was 95%.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nest
  • Breeding
  • Clutch size
  • Nesting success
  • Charosa
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