کارایی توپ های زیستی (Bioballs) بر پارامترهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی آب، شاخص های خونی، ایمنی، استرس و عملکرد رشد تاس ماهی استرلیاد (Acipenser ruthenus)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، واحد لاهیجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لاهیجان، ایران

2 موسسه تحقیقات بین المللی تاسماهیان دریای خزر، موسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رشت، ایران

10.22034/aej.2021.158426

چکیده

ماهی استرلیاد از گونه ­های با ارزش خاویاری بوده که جمعیت آن در سال­ های اخیر کاهش یافته است. توپ زیستی به­ عنوان یک فیلتر بیولوژیکی عمل می ­کند که یک محیط برای باکتری­ هایی است که می ­توانند آمونیاک موجود در آن را حذف کنند. تحقیق حاضر به­ منظور ارزیابی تأثیر توپ ­های زیستی بر پارامترهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی آب، عملکرد رشد و درصد بازماندگی و بهبود فاکتورهای خونی، ایمنی و کاهش استرس در تاس ­ماهی استرلیاد در مرکز تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی و فنون دریایی دکتر کیوان چمخاله طی 8 هفته انجام شد. بدین­  منظور، تعداد 150 قطعه تاس ­ماهی استرلیاد با وزن اولیه 23 گرم در 15 مخزن فایبرگلاس 500 لیتری توزیع شدند. 4 تیمار شامل تیمار 1 (سیستم پرورش مدار باز و توپ زیستی)، تیمار 2 (سیستم پرورش مدار باز و بدون توپ زیستی)، تیمار 3 (سیستم پرورش مدار بسته و توپ زیستی) و تیمار 4 (سیستم پرورش مدار بسته و بدون توپ زیستی) در 3 تکرار انتخاب شدند. طی دوره آزمایش، پارامترهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی آب، شاخص ­های خونی، ایمنی و استرس و نحوه عملکرد رشد اندازه ­گیری شد. در میان شاخص ­های رشد افزایش مقادیر ضریب تبدیل غذایی، ضریب رشد ویژه، افزایش وزن و درصد افزایش وزن در تیمارهای 1 و 3 وجود داشت که این افزایش تفاوت معنی­  داری با تیمارهای شاهد داشت (0/05>P). هم ­چنین، از لحاظ فاکتورهای خونی، تیمار 1 و از لحاظ شاخص ­های ایمنی و استرس، تیمارهای 1 و 3 دارای شرایط بهتری بودند. به ­طوری ­که کم ­ترین تعداد گلبول سفید و نوتروفیل و بیش ­ترین تعداد گلبول قرمز، هماتوکریت و MCV در تیمار 1، بیش ­ترین مقادیر ایمونوگلوبولین کل و کم ­ترین مقادیر کورتیزول، لاکتات و گلوکز در تیمارهای 1 و 3 مشاهده گردید و تفاوت معنی ­داری با تیمارهای شاهد داشتند (0/05>P). از نظر فاکتورهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی آب، تیمار 1 دارای مقادیر بهتری نسبت به سایر تیمارها بود و مقادیر pH، NO3، NH3، NH4 و TAN دارای تفاوت معنی­ داری بود (0/05>P). علاوه بر این، تیمار 3 دارای بالاترین تعداد باکتری نسبت به سایر تیمارها می ­باشد و از اختلاف معنی ­داری برخوردار بود (0/05>P). بنابراین، می­  توان تیمارهای 1 (سیستم پرورش مدار باز و توپ زیستی) و 3 (سیستم پرورش مدار بسته و توپ زیستی) را با توجه به عملکرد آن­ ها به ­عنوان برترین تیمار انتخاب نمود. چون که باعث بهبود شرایط و افزایش کارایی سیستم پرورشی گردیدند. حتی اگر به ­طور مستقیم توسط آبزیان استفاده نشوند، وجود آن­ ها سبب بهبود شرایط زیست می ­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of bioball performance on physical and chemical parameters of water, hemological, immunogical and stress parameters and growth performance in Sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed MirzaeiPour 1
  • Hossein Khara 1
  • Ayoub Yousefi Jordehi 2
1 Department of Fisheries, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
2 Caspian Sea International Sturgeon Research, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agriculture Research, Education and Extension Organization, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Sterlet is one of the most valuable species of sturgeon that its population has declined in recent years. The bioball acts as a biological filter, which is a site for bacteria that can remove ammonia. This study was done for evaluation the effect of bioballs on physical and chemical parameters of water, growth performance, survival percentage and improvement of hemological and immunological factors and stress reduction of Sterlet in Dr. Keyvan Fisheries and Marine Technology Research Center of Chamkhaleh during 8 weeks. For this purpose, 150 Sterlet with initial weight of 120 gr were distributed in 15 fiberglass tanks that their capacity was 500 liters. 4 treatments including treatment 1 opened with bioball system, treatment 2 opened without bioball system, treatment 3 closed with bioball system and treatment 4 closed without bioball system were selected in 3 replications. During the experiment, physical and chemical parameters of water, hemological and immunological parameters, stress and growth performance were measured. Among growth indices, there was an increase in FCR, SGR, BWI and %BWI in treatments 1 and 3, which was significantly different from control treatments (P<0.05). Also, treatment 1 in terms of hemological factors, and treatments 1 and 3 in terms of immunological and stress indices were better. There was the lowest number of white blood cells and neutrophils and the highest number of red blood cells, hematocrit and MCV in treatment 1. The highest amount of total immunoglobulin and the lowest values of cortisol, lactate and glucose were observed in treatments 1 and 3. These results had significant difference with control treatments (P<0.05). Treatment 1 had better values than other treatments in terms of physical and chemical factors and pH, NO3, NH3, NH4 and TAN values were significantly different (P<0.05). In addition, treatment 3 had the highest bacterial count compared to other treatments (P<0.05). Therefore, treatments 1 and 3 can be selected as the best treatment based on their performance. Because they improved the conditions and increased the efficiency of system. Their existence improves living conditions, even if they are not directly used by aquatic animals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bioball
  • Sterlet
  • Physical and chemical parameters of water
  • Hematological and immunological parameters
  • Stress
  • Growth performance
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