بررسی تنوع گونه‌ای زنبورهای بالاخانواده‌ (Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera در مزارع برنج استان مازندران

نوع مقاله : سیستماتیک جانوری

نویسنده

گروه گیاه پزشکی، واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شهر ری، ایران

چکیده

زنبورهای بالاخانواده‌ Ichneumonoidea که شامل دو خانواده‌ Braconidae و Ichneumonidae می‌باشند به ­عنوان یکی از کارآمدترین پارازیتوییدهای در اغلب اکوسیستم‌های کشاورزی محسوب می‌شوند و نقش مؤثری در کنترل آفات مختلف ایفاء می‌نمایند. در این پژوهش تنوع گونه‌ای زنبورهای مزبور در مناطق مختلف استان مازندران به­خصوص مزارع برنج مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. براساس نتایج به ­دست آمده، در مجموع 29گونه زنبور پارازیتویید از بالاخانواده Ichneumonoidea جمع‌آوری شدند. از خانواده Braconidae،   پانزده گونه متغلق به 8 زیرخانواده Brachistinae  ( یک گونه)، Braconinae  ( چهار گونه از 1 جنس)، Cheloninae  (پنج گونه از 3 جنس)، Doryctinae  (یک گونه)، Euphorinae  (یک گونه)، Helconinae  (یک گونه)، Microgastrinae   (یک گونه) و Sigalphinae  (یک  گونه) و از خانواده‌‌ Ichneumonidae  چهارده گونه از 2 زیرخانواده Campopleginae (هفت گونه از 6 جنس) و Tryphoninae(هفت گونه از 4 جنس) جمع‌آوری و شناسایی گردیدند. در پژوهش حاضر 4 گونه از خانواده Ichneumonidae شامل:
(Diadegma consumptor (Gravenhorst, 1829)، Diadegma fenestralis (Holmgren, 1860،
(Hyposoter ebeninus (Gravenhorst, 1829) و Netelia (Netelia) rufescens (Tosquinet, 1896 
برای فون ایران گزارش جدیدی محسوب می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


  1. van Achterberg, C., 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden. Vol. 283, pp: 1-189.
  2. Al-e-Mansour, H. and Mostafavi, M.S., 1993. The first record of Braconidae bees on forest and range vegetations in Fars province. Proceedings of 11th Iranian Plant Protection Congress. 236 p.
  3. Ameri, A.; Talebi, A.A.; Rakhshani, E.; Beyarslan, A. and Kamali, K., 2014. A survey of Euphorinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of southern Iran, with description of a new species. Zootaxa, Vol. 3900, No. 3, pp: 415-428.
  4. Barahoei, H.; Rakhshani, E. and Riedel, M., 2012. A checklist of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics (IJAB). Vol. 8, pp: 83-132.
  5. Çoruh, S. and Kolarov, J., 2010. A review of the Turkish Orthopelmatinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Scientific Research and Essays. Vol. 5, No. 22,
    pp: 3518-3521.
  6. Farahani, S.; Talebi, A.A. and Rakhshani, E., 2013. A contribution to the tribe Chelonini Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Cheloninae) of northern Iran, with first records for eight species and an updated check list of Iranian species. Zoosystematics and Evolution. Vol. 89, No. 2, pp: 227-238.
  7. Farahani, S.; Talebi, A.A. and Rakhshani, E., 2016. Iranian Braconidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea): diversity, distribution and host association. Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematic. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp: 1-92.
  8. Fischer, M., 1970. Eine neue Spathius-Art aus dem Iran (Hym. Braconidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. Vol. 6, pp: 705-708.
  9. Fischer, M., 1990. Paläarktische Opiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae): Neue Arten und neue Funde aus dem Ungarischen Naturwissenschaftlichen Museum in Budapest. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. Vol. 8, pp: 205-238.
  10. Ghahari, H., 2012. A study on the Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) from Jangal-e Abr, Semnan province, Iran.Calodema. Vol.201, pp: 1-4.
  11. Ghahari, H.; Dicky S. Yu and van Achterberg, C., 2006. World bibliography of the Family Baraconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) (1964-2003). NNM Technical Bulletin. Vol. 8, pp: 293 p.
  12. Ghahari, H.; Hayat, R.; Tabari, M.; Ostovan, H. and Imani, S., 2008. A contribution to the predator and parasitoid fauna of rice pests in Iran, and a discussion on the biodiversity and IPM in rice fields. InsectScienceand itsApplication.
    Vol. 40/1, pp: 735-764.
  13. Ghahari, H.; Fischer, M.; Hedqvist, K.J.; Erdogan, O.; van Achterberg, K. and Beyarslan, A., 2010. Some new records of Braconidae (Hymenoptera) for Iran. Linzer Biologische Beiträge. Vol. 42, No. 2, pp: 1395-1404.
  14. Ghahari, H. and Jussila, R., 2010. A contribution to the knowledge of ichneumon wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from Iranian cotton fields and surrounding grasslands. Zoosystematica Rossica. Vol.19, No. 2,
    pp: 357-360.
  15. Ghahari, H. and Fischer, M., 2011. A contribution to the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) from north-western Iran. Calodema, Vol. 134, pp: 1-6.
  16. Ghahari, H. and Jussila, R., 2011. A contribution to the knowledge of Ichneumon wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea: Ichneumonidae) from Azerbaijan-e-Gharbi Province, Northwestern Iran. Linzer Biologische Beiträge. Vol.43, No. 2, pp: 1277-1284.
  17. Godfray, H.C.J., 1994. Parasitoids, behavioral and evolutionary ecology. Princeton University Press, 473 p.
  18. Gonzalez, D.; Etzel, L.; Esmaili, M.; El-Heneidy, A.H. and Kaddou, I., 1980. Distribution of Bathyplectes curculionis and Bathyplectes anurus (Hym.: Ichneumonidae) from Hypera (Col.: Curculionidae) on alfalfa in Egypt, Iraq, and Iran. Entomophaga.Vol. 25, No. 2, pp: 111-121.
  19. Grenier, S.; Greany, P. and Cohen, A.C., 1994. Potential for mass release of insect parasitoids and predators through development of artificial culture techniques. In: Pest management in the subtropics: Biological control - a Florida perspective, Rosen, D.; Bennett, F.D. and Capinera, J.L. (eds.). Intercept. Publication, Chapter 10, pp: 181-205.
  20. Gupta, V.K., 1987. The Ichneumonidae of the Indo Australian area (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. Vol. 41, No. 1-2, pp: 1-1210.
  21. Hassell, M.P., 1986. Parasitoids and population regulation. In: Waag, J. and Greathead, D. (eds.). Insect parasitoids. Academic Press, London. pp: 201-224.
  22. Heinrichs, E.A., 1994. Biology and management of rice insects. Wiley Eastern Ltd., IRRI. 779 p.
  23. Holynski, R.B., 2008. God save us from friends or How to ensure taxonomy against passing away by dint of a successful operation? Polish Taxonomical Monographs. Vol. 15,
    pp: 3-54.
  24. Huffaker, C.B. and Messengaer, P.S., 1976. Theory and Practice of biological control. Academic Press. 745 p.
  25. Humala, A. and Reshchinkov, A., 2014. Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species new to the fauna of Norway. Biodiversity Data Journal. Vol. 2, pp: 1-26.
  26. Kasparyan, D.R., 1981. A guide to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp: 1-688.
  27. Khan, Z.R.; Litsinger, J.A.; Barrion, A.T.; Villanueva, F.F.D.; Fernandez, N.J. and Taylor, L.D., 1991. World bibliography of rice stem borers 1974-1990. International Rice Research Institute and International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology. 415 p.
  28. Kogan, M., 1998. Integrated pest management: historical perspectives and contemporary developments. Annual Review of Entomology. Vol. 43, pp: 243-270.
  29. Kolarov, J., 2009. New and little known Exenterini (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Tryphoninae) from Bulgaria and some adjacent regions. Acta Entomologica Serbica.
    Vol.14, No. 2: pp: 209-218.
  30. Kolarov, J. and Ghahari, H., 2005. A catalogue of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) from Iran. Linzer biologische Beitrage.Vol. 37, pp: 503-532.
  31. Lashkari Bod, A.; Rakhshani, E.; Talebi, A.A. and Fischer, M., 2010. Identification and introduction of ten new records of Alysiinae (Hym.: Braconidae) from Iran. Proceedings of the 19th Plant Protection Congress of
    Iran. 160 p.
  32. Masnadi, A.; Jussila, R. and Riedel, M., 2010. The Iranian fauna of the subfamilies Acaenitinae, Banchinae, Campopleginae, Ophioninae and Tryphoninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) with some new records.Entomologica Fennica.Vol. 21, pp: 70-83.
  33. Mohammadi, A.; Talebi, A.A. and Zwakhals, K., 2013. A study of the subfamily Pimplinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in the north of Iran, with eleven new species records. Entomofauna. Vol.34, No. 2, pp: 29-56.
  34. Mohyuddin, A.I., 1990. Biological control of Chilo spp. in maize, sorghum and millet. InsectScience and its Application. Vol. 11, No. 4-5, pp: 721-732.
  35. Pathak, M.D. and Khan, Z.R., 1994. Insect pests of rice. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research
    Institute. 89 p.
  36. Quicke, D.L.J., 1987. The old world genera of Braconinae wasps (Hym.: Braconidae). Journal of Natural History.
    Vol. 21, pp: 43-157.
  37. Quicke, D.L.J. 2015. The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps: Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, Hardback. 704 p.
  38. Ranjbar Aghdam, H. and Fathipour, Y., 2010. Fist report of parasitoid wasps, reported Ascogaster quadridentata and Bassus rufipes (Hym.: Braconidae) on codling moth (Lep.: Tortricidae) larvae from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran. Vol. 30, No. 1, pp: 55-58.
  39. Rezvani, N. and Shah-hosseini, J., 1976. Ecology of striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, in East Mazandaran province. Journal of Entomology and Phytopathology Applicata. Vol. 43, pp: 1-38.
  40. Rubia, E.G.; Pena, N.B.; Almazan, L.P. and Shepard, B.M., 1990. Efficacy of selected predators against some insect pests of rice. Journal of Plant Protection Tropical.
    Vol. 7, pp: 69-76.
  41. Sakenin, H.; Ghahari, H.; Lehr, P.A.; Ostovan, H. and Havaskary, M., 2009. A contribution to the robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) from Arasbaran region and vicinity, Northeastern Iran. 10th Arab Congress of Plant Protection. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. Vol. 27, pp: 42-43.
  42. Sakenin, H.; Fischer, M.; Samin, N.; Imani, S.; Papp, J.; Ghahari, H. and Rastegar, J., 2011. A faunistic survey on the Braconidae wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from northern Iran. Proceedings of Global Conference on Entomology, March 5-9, 2011 Chiang Mai, Thailand. 123 p.
  43. Samin, N.; Sakenin, H.; Imani, S. and Shojai, M., 2011. A study on the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) of Khorasan province and vicinity, Northeastern Iran. Phegea. Vol. 39, No. 4, pp: 137-143.
  44. Tobias, V.I., 1971. Review of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) of the USSR. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo entomologicheskogo obshchestva. Akademiya Nauk SSSR. Vol. 54, pp: 156-269.
  45. Tobias, V.I., 1995. Keys of the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Volume 3, Hymenoptera, Part 4, Science Publishers, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA. 883 p.
  46. Townes, H., 1969. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part I.Memoirsof theAmerican Entomological Institute. Vol. 11, pp: 1-300.
  47. Townes, H., 1970a. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part II. Memoirsof theAmericanEntomologicalInstitute. Vol. 12, pp: 1-537.
  48. Townes, H., 1970b. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part III. Memoirsof theAmerican Entomological Institute. Vol. 13, pp: 1-307.
  49. Townes, H., 1971. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part IV. Memoirsof theAmerican Entomological Institute. Vol. 17, pp: 1-372.
  50. Wahl, D.B. and Sharkey, M.J., 1993. Superfamily Ichneumonoidea, pp. 358–509. In: Goulet, H. and Huber, J.T. (eds). Hymenoptera of the world: An identification guide to families. Ottawa (Agriculture Canada). 668 p.
  51. Wharton, R.A., 1993. Bionomics of the Braconidae. Annual Review of Entomology. Vol. 38, pp: 121-143.
  52. Yu, D.S.; van Achterberg, C. and K. Horstmann, K., 2012. World Ichneumonoidea 2005. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution [Braconidae]. Taxapad 2006 (Scientific names for information management) Interactive electronical catalogue on DVD/CD-ROM. Vancouver.