برآورد تمایل به پرداخت مردم هرمزگان برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی (Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus, Blanford,1877)

نوع مقاله: سایر

نویسندگان

گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، واحد ارسنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ارسنجان، ایران

چکیده

 پژوهش حاضر با هدف برآورد تمایل به پرداخت مردم استان هرمزگان برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی (Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus) به ­منظور تعیین ارزش حمایتی این گونه منحصربه ­فرد به ­عنوان نماد طبیعت استان هرمزگان انجام شده است. در راستای انجام این تحقیق، تعداد 600 نفر از خانوارهای شهرستان بندرعباس به روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب و چهره به چهره مصاحبه شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده ­ها، پرسش ­نامه ­ای محقق ساخته شامل: مشخصات جمعیت ­شناسی و سوالات ارزیابی تمایل به پرداخت افراد برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی بود. پس از جمع ­آوری داده­ ها، نتایج با استفاده از الگوی کیفی لوجیت و بهره­ گیری از روش حداکثر راست­ نمایی، با کاربرد نرم ­افزارهای SPSS نسخه 21 و اقتصاد سنجی Eviews نسخه 8، تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. یافته ­های پژوهش نشان داد که 65/8 درصد از افراد مورد مطالعه، تمایل به پرداخت مبلغی برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی دارند. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که متوسط تمایل به پرداخت ماهانه و سالانه هر خانوار هرمزگانی برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی، به ­ترتیب معادل با 53645/96 و 643751/54 ریال است. براساس نتایج این پژوهش و مدل رگرسیونی لوجیت برآورد شده، متغیرهای تحصیلات، درآمد، اشتغال، عضویت در سازمان­ های مردم نهاد زیست محیطی، شناخت گونه و میزان پیشنهاد از عوامل مثبت تأثیرگذار بر میزان تمایل به پرداخت مردم هرمزگان برای حمایت از گونه به شدت در خطر انقراض خرس سیاه بلوچی است.

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