عنوان مقاله [English]
In order to evaluate the effects of Essential® (a commercial mix of herbal essential oils containing Ricinoleic acid, Cardanol and Cardol) on milk production and composition and blood parameters, 20 Holstein dairy cows (DIM=80±20) were used in two experimental groups in completely randomized design. Experimental groups included: 1- control group (total mixed ration and no additive) and 2- Essential® group (supplementation of 13.5 gr Essential®/cow/day in the TMR) during 30 days of experimental period (consisted of 21 days adaptation followed by 9 days sampling period). The TMR consisted of 41.6% alfalfa hay, 2.83% cotton seed and 55.57% concentrate (Dry Matter bassis). There were no significant differences between experimental groups in milk production and compositions and 4% fat-corrected milk (P>0.05). Also, substantial differences were not observed between experimental groups in glucose, triglyceride, urea, albumin, total protein, LDL, HDL and hepatic enzymes (P>0.05). Essential® consumption led to higher cholesterol concentration and total antioxidant capacity than control group (P<0.05). According to results, it seems use of Essential® as feed additive had no significant effects on productive performance in short term period; but antioxidant properties may have valuable effects on animal health.