اثر عصاره سیر (Allium sativum) بر بازماندگی، شاخص های رشد، خونی و ترکیب لاشه در ماهی اسکار (Astronotus ocellatus)

نوع مقاله: تغذیه

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

2 گروه شیلات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات خوزستان، اهواز، ایران

3 گروه شیلات، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، ایران

4 گروه علوم پایه، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

در این مطالعه به بررسی اثر عصاره سیر در میزان بازماندگی، رشد، ترکیب لاشه و شاخص­های خونی ماهی اسکار Astronotus ocellatus  پرداخته شده است. بدین منظور تعداد 300 قطعه ماهی اسکار (وزن اولیه 0/36±8/37 گرم) در چهار تیمار توزیع شدند و هر تیمار با یک جیره خوراکی شامل بدون عصاره سیر، 0/5 %، 1/5 % و 2/5 % عصاره سیر تغذیه شد. طول دوره آزمایش 8 هفته بود و سپس نمونه ­برداری صورت گرفت و پارامترهای موردنظر براساس روش­ های استاندارد اندازه ­گیریگردید. براساس نتایج به ­دست آمده شاخص­ های رشد مانند افزایش وزن (%)، SGR و FCR در ماهیان تغذیه شده با عصاره سیر بهبود یافت. پروتئین خام تنها در ماهیان تغذیه شده با 1/5 درصد عصاره سیر افزایش یافت در حالی­ که در همین تیمار لیپید خام کاهش یافت. هموگلوبین (Hb) و هماتوکریت (PCV) در تیمارهای تغذیه شده با عصاره سیر افزایش پیدا کرد و تعداد گلبول ­های قرمز (RBC) در تیمار 1/5 % افزایش معنی­ داری نسبت به دیگر تیمارها داشت. نتایج مطالعه بیانگر این است که عصاره سیر اثرات مفیدی بر بازماندگی، شاخص ­های رشد، ترکیب لاشه و شاخص ­های خونی در ماهیان اسکار دارد و بهترین مقادیر در تیمار 1/5 % عصاره سیر مشاهده شد.

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