بررسی فراوانی و شاخص‌های تنوع زیستی ماهیان در خور آذینی استان هرمزگان

نوع مقاله: تنوع زیستی

نویسندگان

پژوهشکده اکولوژی خلیج فارس و دریای عمان، موسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، بندر عباس، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه باهدف شناسایی و تعیین تنوع گونه‌ای ماهیان خور آذینی سیریک در شرق استان هرمزگان به ­مدت یک ­سال در سال 1395 انجام شد. نمونه‌ برداری از ماهیان توسط تور ترال قایقی و به‌ صورت فصلی انجام شد. در این بررسی 41 گونه متعلق به 30 جنس و 26 خانواده شناسایی گردید. بیش ­ترین فراوانی فصلی گونه‌ ها در بهار به Thryssa vitrirostris 45/8%، تابستان leiognathus fasciatus 36/3%، پاییز Gerres filamentosus 20/8% و زمستان leiognathus fasciatus 13/2% تعلق داشت. فراوانی ماهیان در فصل بهار اختلاف معنی‌ داری با سایر فصول داشت (0/05>p). در فصل بهار بیش ­ترین فراوانی مربوط به گونه‌ های پلانکتون ­خوار بود و در سایر فصول ماهیان با رژیم غذایی گوشت‌ خواری ریز و شکارچی فراوان‌ تر بودند. در تمامی فصول نمونه‌ برداری خانواده‌ های Leiognathidae، Platycephalidae، Gerreidae، Sillaginidae و Haemulidae مشاهده شدند. بیش ­ترین و کم ­ترین میزان شاخص تنوع گونه‌ ای شانون (Shannon-Wiener index) در فصول زمستان (1/33) و بهار (0/86) مشاهده شد. هم ­چنین بیش ­ترین میزان شاخص غنای گونه‌ ای(Margalev Richness Index)  متعلق به فصول زمستان (4/5) و بهار (2/64) بود و بیش ­ترین و کم ­ترین میزان شاخص یکنواختی (Evenness index) نیز به فصول زمستان (0/42) و بهار (0/31) تعلق داشت.

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