اثر اسید مالیک جیره بر عملکرد رشد و هیستومورفولوژی بافت روده ماهی طلایی (Carassius auratus)

نوع مقاله: تغذیه

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گیلان، صومعه سرا، ایران

2 گروه شیلات، دانشکده شیلات و محیط زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، ایران

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر تاثیر اسید مالیک جیره بر رشد و هیستومورفولوژی بافت روده ماهی طلایی (Carassius auratus) مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. برای این منظور 120 عدد ماهی طلایی با میانگین وزن 0/09±14/62 (میانگین ± خطای استاندارد) گرم در 4 تیمار و 3 تکرار تقسیم شدند. تیمارها شامل غلظت­ های مختلفی از اسید مالیک با مقادیر صفر (شاهد)، 2/5، 5 و 10 گرم به ­ازای هر کیلوگرم غذا بود. غذادهی ماهی ­ها روزانه 3 بار در حد سیری و به ­مدت 8 هفته صورت گرفت. زیست­ سنجی ماهی­ ها هر دو هفته یک ­بار انجام شد و در پایان دوره آزمایش از هر تکرار 3 ماهی جهت بررسی ­های هیستومورفولوژیکی بافت روده نمونه ­گیری شد. در نهایت از لحاظ وزن نهایی، درصد افزایش وزن بدن، نرخ رشد ویژه، ضریب تبدیل غذایی و شاخص وضعیت بین تیمارهای مختلف تفاوت معنی­ دار آماری مشاهده نشد (0/05<P). با بررسی بافت روده نیز تفاوت معنی ­دار آماری در طول پرزها، قطر بافت پوششی و هم ­چنین تعداد سلول­ های جامی شکل روده مشاهده نشد (0/05<P). نتایج پژوهش کنونی نشان داد که استفاده از اسید مالیک تاثیری بر عملکرد رشد و هیستومورفولوژی روده ماهی طلایی ندارد.

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