سنجش فلزات سنگین در پر کبوتر چاهی (Columba livia) و غذای مصرفی (گندم رسیده و گندم جوانه زده) در شهرک صنعتی روی زنجان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه محیط‌ زیست، دانشکده علوم و فنون دریا، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده علوم و مهندسی کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

10.22034/AEJ.2020.248850.2352

چکیده

با ورود آلودگی های فلزات سنگین به محیط زیست و زنجیره غذایی، بررسی میزان آلودگی فلزات سنگین در مواد غذایی و موجودات مصرف کننده حائز اهمیت است. در این پژوهش میزان تجمع فلزات سنگین سرب، روی و کادمیوم در غذای کبوتر چاهی (دانه گندم رسیده، گندم جوانه زده) در زمین های مجاور شهرک تخصصی روی زنجان و میزان عناصر مذکور در پر کبوتر چاهی داخل شهرک صنعتی روی زنجان مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. تعداد 80 نمونه گندم (سال 1399 -1398) و 160 نمونه پرکبوتر چاهی (سال 1399) جمع آوری گردید. فلزات سنگین توسط دستگاه جذب اتمی GBC مدل avanta اندازه گیری شد. برای آنالیز آماری داده ها  از نرم افزار 1/9 SAS  استفاده شد. میانگین غلظت  سرب، روی ، کادمیوم در دانه گندم رسیده به ترتیب 1/31، 46/04، 0/05 پی پی ام، در گندم جوانه زده 3/53، 52/17، 0/14 پی پی ام می باشد. نتایج نشان می دهد که میزان سرب، روی و کادمیوم در گندم های رسیده بیش تر از جوانه زده است و رابطه معنی دار آماری بین آن ها برقرار است. میانگین غلظت سرب، روی و کادمیوم در کبوتر نر مرده به ترتیب 17/12، 319/25، 1/92 میکروگرم بر گرم و در کبوتر نر زنده 14/82، 301/06، 1/36 میکروگرم بر گرم و در کبوتر ماده مرده 17/44، 378/75، 1/92 میکرو گرم بر گرم و در کبوتر ماده زنده 15/14، 307/65، 1/47 میکروگرم بر گرم محاسبه گردید که نشان می دهد میانگین غلظت این عناصر در کبوتر ماده مرده >کبوتر نر مرده>کبوتر ماده زنده>کبوتر نر زنده است. نتیجه گیری کلی نشان می دهد میزان عناصر سنگین در نمونه های مرده بیش تر از زنده ها و در جنس ماده بیش تر از نرها  می باشد. رابطه معنی دار آماری بین جنسیت و زنده و مرده بودن پرنده برقرار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Measuring Heavy Metals in the Feather of a Columba livia and Food Consumed (mature wheat grain and Germinated Wheat) in Zinc Industrial Zone of Zanjan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Asgari 1
  • Nooshin Ssajjadi 1
  • Mojgan Zaeimdar 1
  • Mostafa Sadeghi 2
  • Mahnaz Mirza Ebrahim Tehrani 1
1 Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Along with the entry of heavy metal contaminants into the environment and the food chain, it is important to investigate the extent of heavy metal contamination in food and consumer organisms. The current research studied the amount of accumulation of heavy metals lead, zinc, cadmium in the food of Columba livia (mature wheat grain, germinated wheat) as well as the amount of mentioned elements in the feather of Columba livia in Zinc Industrial Zone of Zanjan. To this end, 80 wheat samples (Years2019-2020), 160 feathers of Columba livia (Year 2020) were collected. Heavy metals were measured using Atomic absorption device. To statistically analyze the data, SAS 9.1 software was utilized. The mean of lead, zinc, cadmium concentration in the mature wheat grain was respectively, 1.31, 46.04, 0.05 ppm, it was 3.35, 52.17, 0.14 ppm in the germinated wheat. The results indicated that the amount of lead, zinc, cadmium in mature wheat was more than germinated wheat and a significant relationship could be observed among them. The mean of lead, zinc, cadmium concentration in the dead male dove was respectively, 17.12, 319.25, 1.73 (μg/g); it was 14.82, 301.06, 1.36 in alive male dove; it was 17.44, 378.75, 1.92 (μg/g) in the dead female dove; it was 15.14, 307.65, 1.47 (μg/g) in alive female dove. This showed that the mean of these elements: dead female >dead male >alive female > alive male. The final conclusion represented that the amount of heavy metals in the dead samples was more than alive samples and it was more in females than males. Moreover, there was a statistically significant relationship between bird`s gender and its being dead or alive.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • heavy metals
  • Columba livia
  • Wheat
  • food
  • Zanjan
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