تأثیر استفاده از منابع مختلف منگنز بر عملکرد تخم گذاری و ذخایرمنگنز در بافت های بدن مرغ های تخم گذار مسن سویه های لاین

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، واحد کاشمر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کاشمر، ایران

2 گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

10.22034/AEJ.2021.301912.2623

چکیده

آزمایشی به منظور بررسی تأثیر استفاده از دو شکل ماده معدنی و آلی منگنز بر عملکرد، کیفیت تخم­ مرغ و ذخیره مقادیر منگنز در بافت­ های منتخب بدن مرغ ­های تخم گذار مسن انجام شد. تعداد 250 قطعه مرغ تخم گذار لگهورن سویه های لاین (36 W) با سن 80 هفته در پنج تیمار و پنج تکرار و 10 قطعه مرغ در هر تکرار در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی اختصاص داده شدند. تیمارهای آزمایشی عبارت بودند از: شاهد (بدون استفاده از مکمل منگنز)، تیمارهای حاوی 100 درصد سولفات منگنز (جیره یک)، 75 درصد سولفات منگنز و 25 درصد کیلات آلی منگنز (جیره دو)، 50 درصد سولفات منگنز و 50 درصد کیلات آلی (جیره سه) 25 درصد سولفات منگنز و 75 درصد کیلات آلی (جیره چهار). نتایج نشان داد که افزایش معنی داری در رابطه با مصرف خوراک، درصد تخم گذاری، وزن تخم مرغ و توده تخم مرغ بین جیره سه و چهار با تیمار شاهد وجود داشت (0/05>P). هم چنین وزن تخم مرغ در جیره یک و دو نسبت به جیره پایه افزایش معنی داری داشت. ضریب تبدیل خوراک در جیره سه و چهار کاهش معنی داری نشان دادند (0/05>P). اختلاف معنی داری در صفات کیفی تخم مرغ بین تیمارهای آزمایشی مشاهده نشد (0/05<P). منگنز استخوان درشت نی به طور معنی داری در جیره های دو، سه و چهار نسبت به جیره پایه افزایش داشت (0/05>P). غلظت منگنز زرده و پوسته تخم مرغ در جیره یک، سه و چهار نسبت به جیره پایه افزایش داشت (0/05>P). تیمارهای آزمایشی بطور معنی داری باعث افزایش غلظت منگنز در سرم و کبد شدند (0/05>P) افزایش زیست فراهمی منگنز می تواند دلیلی بر جذب بیش تر منگنز جیره باشد که باعث بهبود عملکرد تولیدی مرغ ­های تخم گذار مسن شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different Sources of organic and inorganic manganese on laying performance and resources of manganese of body`s in old laying hens

نویسندگان [English]

  • MohammadReza Khoshbin 1
  • Reza Vakili 1
  • Abdolmansour Tahmasbi 2
1 Department of animal Science, Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran
2 Department of animal Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of two inorganic and organic forms of manganese on performance, egg quality and resources of manganese of body`s in older laying hens. 250 Leghorn laying hens (w 36) with 80 weeks of age were divided into 5 treatments and 5 replications in a completely randomized design. Treatments were: control (without manganese supplement), treatments containing 100% manganese sulfate (diet 1), 75% manganese sulfate and 25% organic manganese chelated (diet 2), 50% manganese sulfate and 50% organic chelated (diet 3) 25% sulfate Manganese and 75% organic chelated (diet 4). The results showed that there was a significant increase in feed intake, laying percen, egg weight and egg mass between diets 3 and 4 with control treatment (P <0.05). Also, egg weight in diets 1 and 2 increased significantly compared to basal diet. Feed conversion ratios in diets 3 and 4 showed a significant decrease (P<0.05). No significant difference in egg quality traits was observed between experimental treatments (P>0.05). Tibial manganese increased significantly in diets 2, 3 and 4 compared to basal diet (P<0.05). Yolk and egg shell manganese concentrations increased in diets 1, 3 and 4 compared to basal diet (P<0.05). Experimental treatments significantly increased serum and liver concentrations of manganese (P<0.05). Increased manganese bioavailability could be a reason for more uptake of manganese in the diet, which improved the production performance of older laying hens.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Manganese Sulfate
  • Organic manganese chelated
  • Laying hen
  • Performance
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