Document Type : (original research)
Department of Planning and Design of the Environment, Environmental Science Research Institute , Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
M.Sc. Environmental Assessment, Coolege of environment. Department of Environment karaj, iran
Department of Economics, Education and Policy, Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University Tehran, Iran P.B. 1983969411
Assistant Prof., Department of Natural Environment and Biodiversity, Faculty of Environment, Karaj, Iran
Tourism in protected areas as a mechanism for financial self-government is a support for conservation and a tool for facilitating management. Therefore, tourism in these regions in order to preserve biodiversity and genetic reserves should be achieved based on ecological potential assessment in susceptible areas so that no damage to biological species is done. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptible areas of ecotourism using two methods of multi-criteria evaluation and system analysis. For this purpose, 19 options were selected in 7 clusters and each layer was combined using Analysis Network Process (ANP) method to determine the power of the options using Weighted Linear Composition (WLC). The results of multi-criteria evaluation method showed that 18.98% in the Class 1, 2.15% in the Class 2, 15.87% in the Class 3, and about 63% in the Class 4. The results of the system analysis also showed that 19.71% in the Class 1, 2.03% Class 2, 11.41% Class 3, and about 61.70% Class 4. The results of both methods are similar and indicate that due to the conservation status, the existence of endangered animal and plant species, as well as considering the ecological nest of animal species, high elevation and slope in the area, the largest in the protected and safe zones, are some of the reasons, that limits access for visitors to the Eshkevarat No-Hunting area.