Study of biodiversity, frequency and biomass of macrobenthos in the southern coastal of the Caspian Sea

Document Type : Animal environment


1 Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute

2 Iranian Fisheries science research institute

3 Iranian fisheries science research institute

4 Head of Ecological institute of Caspian Sea

5 Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Institute, Sari, Iran



This research was carried out based on ecological monitoring of the Caspian Sea in depth of 30 meters project during 2018-2019. A total of 16 species were identified, belonging to 7 families which of Polychaeta, Crustacea and Bivalvia were found. In addition, The polychaeta comprised 59% of the total macrobenthos density. In contrast, Cerastoderma glaucum, although the frequency was 6.3% of the total density of macrobenthos, but comprised 59.9% of the total biomass. The results showed that the diversity indices had the highest value in spring and the lowest in summer. Polychaeta had the highest local distribution (100%) and Malacostraca Pterocuma sowinskyi and Cardiophila baeri had the lowest (8.2%). The lowest and highest mean (±SE) densities were recorded in winter and spring with 408±81.1 ind.m-2 and 1225±246.2 ind.m-2, respectively. In conclusion, the increase in biomass of bivalve molluscs versus the decrease in density can be due to the large size and having oyster shell and the increase in diversity indices in spring can be due to the presence of different species for reproduction after wintering period which is consistent with the density of macrobenthos in the spring.