عنوان مقاله [English]
The Valley of Shara is a suitable habitat for branch birds, especially of the Columba palumbus. This study was conducted from April to September 2018 in the Shara Valley, Intermediate of between the Duab bridge and the Goshirvan bridge in 2.5km distance from the river, Using of Habitat Biodiversity Modeler (HBM) method, With Modeles four of such as: Typicalities, Maxent, Logistic Regression,Multi-layer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network in the Terrset and Arc Gis13.1 softwares , and with variables six of such as: slope, elevation, proximity to the river, distance from the road, land use, distance from the village. Results show, There are C.palumbus nest Twenty six in the area. The Valley of Shara is the southeastern part of the nesting habitat of the C.palumbus in Iran. By comparing the performance, four models were identified, The habitat suitable area of the maxent model is a significant correlation (0.87) with the forest use. that the desirability model validity is equal to 0.914 showing a excellent of Maxent model. Therefore, by matching the region's conditions, the Maxent model is more reliable and closer to reality. Variants of proximity to the river and the use of garden and forest land in the nesting habitat are of great importance.