اثر عصاره گیاه سالیکورنیا .Salicornia sp بر فعالیت آنزیم های کبدی و شاخص های آنتی اکسیدانی ماهی کفال خاکستری (1785 ,Mugil cephalus Linnaeus)

نوع مقاله: تغذیه

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم دریایی، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات آب‌های دور، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، چابهار، ایران

چکیده

 گیاه سالیکورنیا (.Salicornia sp) یکی از گیاهانی است که جنبه ­های دارویی موثری برای آن قائل شده ­اند. هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی اثر عصاره الکلی گیاه سالیکورنیا (.Salicornia sp) بر فعالیت آنزیم ­های کبدی (آسپارتات آمینوترانسفراز (AST)، آلانین آمینوترانسفراز (ALT) و آلکالین فسفاتاز (ALP)) و شاخص ­های آنتی­ اکسیدانی (سوپراکسید دیسموتاز (SOD)، گلوتاتیون پراکسیداز (GPX)، مالون ­دی آلدئید (MDA) و کاتالاز (CAT)) ماهی کفال خاکستری (Mugil cephalus) به ­مدت 60 روز می­ باشد. در این مطالعه، تعداد 240 قطعه ماهی با میانگین وزنی 0/43±8/42 گرم در یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 4 تیمار آزمایشی و 3 تکرار (با تعداد 20 قطعه در هر تکرار) مورد آزمایش قرار گرفتند. تیمار شاهد (بدون عصاره گیاه) و تیمارهای آزمایشی 2، 3 و 4 به ­ترتیب دارای 500، 1000 و 1500 میلی­ گرم عصاره گیاه در هر کیلوگرم عصاره گیاه در غذا بودند. در پایان آزمایش، بیش ­ترین شاخص ­های آنتی ­اکسیدانی CAT، GPX و کم ­ترین شاخص آنتی اکسیدانی MDA و آنزیم ­های ALT ،AST و ALP در تیمار حاوی 500 و 1000  میلی­ گرم بر کیلوگرم عصاره الکلی گیاه مشاهده شد که با تیمار شاهد دارای تفاوت معنی­ دار بود (0/05>P). لذا با توجه به نتایج به ­دست آمده، به­ منظور کاهش اکسیداسیون لیپید و بهبود سلامت کبد، استفاده از عصاره عصاره الکلی گباه سالیکورنیا به ­عنوان مکمل غذایی مهم برای ماهی کفال خاکستری توصیه می­ شود.

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