بررسی زیست شناسی Tuta absoluta (Meyirck) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) روی گوجه فرنگی و سیب زمینی در استان فارس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه اصلاح نباتات، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

2 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

3 اداره جهادکشاورزی، سازمان جهادکشاورزی استان فارس، شیراز، ایران



مینوز گوجه فرنگی Tuta absoluta (Meyirck) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) از مهم ترین آفات گوجه فرنگی و سیب زمینی می باشد که خسارت های زیادی را وارد ساخته و محصول را از جهت کیفی و کمی دچار نقصان می­ کند. این آزمایش به صورت بلوک های کاملا تصادفی در 10 تکرار در شیراز و در سال 1397-1396 با دو فاکتور نوع گیاه (گوجه فرنگی و سیب زمینی) و شرایط کشت (مزرعه ای و گلخانه ای) انجام شد. نتایج تجزیه واریانس پارامترهای زیستی آفت روی گوجه فرنگی و سیب زمینی در شرایط گلخانه ای و مزرعه ای نشان داد که نوع گیاه میزبان و شرایط کشت، بر روی دوره جنینی، لاروی، شفیرگی (فقط در نوع گیاه میزبان) و طول عمر ماده در سطح 1% و 5% معنی دار بوده ولی اثر متقابل آن ها معنی دار نبود .نتایج بررسی ها نشان داد که بیش ترین و کم ترین طول دوره جنینی، لاروی و شفیرگی آفت به ترتیب در تیمار a2b1 با 6/9 و a1b2 با 4/3 روز، a2b1 با 14/5 وa1b2  با 11/7 روز، a2b2 با 9/5 و a1b2 با 4/7 روز و بیش ­ترین و کم ­ترین طول عمر ماده در تیمار  a1b2با 17/2 و  a2b1با 9/9 روز بود. هم ­چنین نوع گیاه میزبان و شرایط کشت روی میانگین میزان کل تخم­ گذاری حشره ماده در سطح 1% معنی­ دار بود ولی اثر متقابل آن­ ها معنی­ دار بود .هم ­چنین نتایج حاصل در مورد تخم گذاری حشره نشان داد که بیش ­ترین و کم ­ترین تعداد تخم­ ها به­ ترتیب در تیمار a1b1  با 128/6 و a2b2 با 86/1 عدد تخم می ­باشد.



عنوان مقاله [English]

Biological study of Tuta absoluta (Meyirck) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on tomatoes and potatoes in Fars province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Moarefi 1
  • Ali Hamrahi 2
  • Leila Mosalaei 3
1 Department of Plant Breeding, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Zanjan, Zanjan,
3 Agriculture Department, Agricultural Organization of Fars Province, Shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) is one of the most important pests of tomatos and potatos, causes lots of damage and reduces the quality and quantity of the crop. This experiment was performed as completely randomized blocks with 10 replications in Shiraz in 2017-2018 with two factors including plant type (Tomato and Potato) and cultivation conditions (greenhouse and field). The results of analysis of variance of biological parameters of the pest on tomatoes and potatoes in greenhouse and field conditions showed that the type of host plant and cultivation conditions on embryonic, larval, pupal stage (only in host plant type) and female lifespan were significant at the level of 1% and 5%, but their interaction was not significant. The results showed that the maximum and minimum life span of embryonic, larval and pupal stages of the pest were treated by a2b1 with 6.9 and a1b2 with 4.3 days a2b1 with 14.5 and a1b2 with 11.7 days, a2b2 with 9.5 and a1b2 with 4.7 days while the maximum and minimum lifespan of the female belonged to the treatment of a1b2 with 17.2 and a2b1 with 9.9 days. Also, the type of host plant and culture conditions were significant on the average total spawning rate of female insects at the level of 1% but their interaction was significant. Moreover, the results of insect oviposition revealed that the highest and lowest number of eggs were in the treatment of a1b1 with 128.6 and a2b2 with 86.1 eggs, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Solanaceae
  • Host preference
  • shiraz
  • Integrated Management
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