بررسی تنوع گونه‌ای سخت بال پوشان خانواده کارابیده در استان البرز (Coleoptera: Carabidae)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه محیط زیست، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران



مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تنوع گونه‌ای سوسک‌های زمینی خانواده کارابیده در استان البرز در  سه منطقه کرج، اشتهارد و طالقان اجرا شد. بدین منظور در طی سال ­های 1395 و 1396در مجموع از 27 ایستگاه از سه منطقه فوق با استفاده از تله گودالی نمونه‌برداری صورت گرفت. شاخص‌ شانون-وینر نیز به عنوان شاخص‌ تنوع گونه‌ای محاسبه شد. بر اساس نتایج در مجموع 329 سخت‌بال پوش از خانواده کارابیده شامل 38 گونه متعلق به 19 جنس و 9 زیرخانواده در سه منطقه مورد مطالعه شناسایی شدند که شامل 15 ثبت (گزارش) جدید برای استان البرز بود. غالب‌ترین گونه‌های کرج Harpalus (Pseudoophonus) griseus (Panzer, 1796)، Harpalus (Pseudoophonus) rufipes (Degeer, 1774)، Harpalus (Harpalus) distinguendus distinguendus (Duftschmid, 1812) و Calathus (Neocalathus) cinctus Motschulsky, 1850 بودند. در اشتهارد 2 گونه Zabrus (Zabrus) morio morio (Ménétriés, 1832) و Grammognatha euphratica (Dejean, 1822) غالب بودند و در طالقان غالبیت با گونه‌های Ditomus calydonius oriens (Dvořák, 1993)، Calathus (Calathus) syriacus (Chaudoir, 1863) وHarpalus  (Harpalus) oblitus oblitus (Dejean, 1829) به دست آمد. نتایج حاصل از محاسبه شاخص‌ تنوع گونه‌ای (شانون-وینر) نشان داد که کرج دارای بیش ترین تنوع گونه‌ای می‌باشد.



عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigationof the species diversity of Coleoptera in Alborz Province (Coleoptera: Carabidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Arash Eshkoob 1
  • Jamasb Nozari 2
  • Soheil Eigderi 3
1 Department of Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate species diversity of the ground beetles, Carabidae Latreille, 1802 family in Alborz Province in three regions, including Karaj, Eshtehard and Taleghan. For this purpose, during 2016 and 2017, a total of 27 stations were sampled using pitfall traps. The Shannon-Wiener index was calculated as an index of species diversity. According to the results, a total of 329 ground beetles, including 36 species belonging to 20 genera and 9 subfamilies were identified in the studied areas, which included 15 new records for Alborz Province. The most dominant species in Karaj were Harpalus (Pseudoophonus) griseus (Panzer, 1796), Harpalus (Pseudoophonus) rufipes (Degeer, 1774), Harpalus (Harpalus) distinguendus distinguendus (Duftschmid, 1812) and Calathus (Neocalathus) cinctus (Motschulsky, 1850). Zabrus (Zabrus) morio morio (Ménétriés, 1832) and Grammognatha euphratica (Dejean, 1822) in Eshtehard and Ditomus calydonius oriens (Dvořák, 1993), Calathus (Calathus) syriacus (Chaudoir, 1863) and Harpalus (Harpalus) oblitus oblitus (Dejean, 1829) in Taleghan were dominant. The results of the nonparametric biodiversity indices (Shannon-Wiener) showed that Karaj had the highest species diversity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fauna
  • Carabidae
  • Alborz
  • Dominant species
  • Species diversity
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