بررسی تاثیر جایگزینی کنجاله کانولا به جای پودر ماهی در جیره غذایی ماهی پاکو قرمز (Piaractus brachypomus) بر عملکرد رشد، قابلیت هضم مواد مغذی و شاخص های خونی- ایمنی غیراختصاصی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیلات و منابع طبیعی، واحد بندرعباس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرعباس، ایران

2 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط زیست، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

10.22034/aej.2021.134028

چکیده

پودر ماهی از مهم ­ترین ترکیبات موجود در جیره­ های غذایی آبزیان محسوب می ­شود. آزﻣﺎیشی 63 روزه جهت بررسی تاثیر ﺳﻄﻮح ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ (10، 20، 30، 40، 50 و 100 درﺻﺪ) ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻲ پروتئین ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮدر ماهی در جیره غذایی ماهی ﭘﺎﻛﻮ (Piaractus brachypomus،  گرم 1/36±45/12) ﺑﺮ ﺷﺎخص های ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮد رﺷﺪ، ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻏﺬاﻳﻲ، میزان ﺑﻘﺎ، میزان قابلیت هضم جیره، فعالیت آنزیم های گوارشی و ﻛﺒﺪى و شاخص های هماتوایمنولوژیکی اﻧﺠﺎم ﺷﺪ. بیش ترین میزان معنی داری (0/05>p) وزن نهایی و میزان رﺷﺪ وﻳﮋه و کم ترین ﻣﻘﺪار ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻏﺬاﻳﻲ در ماهیان ﭘﺎﻛﻮى ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﺷﺪه ﺑﺎ 40 درﺻﺪ ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ به ­دﺳﺖ آﻣﺪ. ﺑﺎ اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺗﺮى یدوتیرونین ﺑﻪ تیروکسین در ﺳﺮم ﺧﻮن ﻣﺎهیان ﭘﺎﻛﻮى ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﺷﺪه از 20 تا 100 درصد ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ شاهد به ­طور معنی دارى اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ (0/05>p). روﻧﺪ ﻛﺎهشی معنی دارى در میزان ﻛﻠﺴﺘﺮول ﺗﺎم، ﺗﺮى گلیسرید، لیپوپروتئین های ﺑﺎ ﭼﮕﺎلی ﭘﺎیین و بسیار پایین در ﺳﺮم ﺧﻮن ﻣﺎهیان ﭘﺎﻛﻮ ﺑﺎ اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ ﻣﺸﺎهده ﺷﺪ (0/05>p). ﺣﺪاﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻘﺪار ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﮔﻠﻮﻛﻮسینولات و فیتات در جیره غذایی ﻣﺎهی ﭘﺎﻛﻮ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ بیش ­ترین میزان رﺷﺪ وﻳﮋه و ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻏﺬایی می ﺷﻮد، ﺑﻪ ترتیب در داﻣﻨﻪ 5/22-4/90 میکروﻣﻮل ﺑﺮ ﮔﺮم ﻣﺎده ﺧﺸﻚ و 6/52-6/12 ﮔﺮم ﺑﺮ کیلوﮔﺮم ﻗﺮار دارد. ﺑﺎ اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ میزان فعالیت آنزیم های ﮔﻮارشی آمیلاز، لیپاز و تریپسین در روده ﻣﺎهیان ﭘﺎﻛﻮى آزﻣﺎیشی به ­طور معنی دارى اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ (0/05>p). ﺑﺮﺣﺴﺐ تکنیک ﺧﻂ ﺷﻜﺴﺘﻪ، بیش­ ترین میزان رﺷﺪ وﻳﮋه (1/91 درﺻﺪ وزن ﺑﺪن در روز) ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از 40/2 درﺻﺪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰینی ﭘﻮدرﻣﺎهی ﺑﺎ ﻛﻨﺠﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻻ به ­دﺳﺖ آمد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

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