تأثیر اسید چرب امگا-3 و آنتی اکسیدان طی دوره فلاشینگ بر برخی فراسنجه های خون و خصوصیات بره زایی گوسفندان داشتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم دامی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

10.22034/AEJ.2021.305116.2638

چکیده

این مطالعه به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر استفاده از منابع اسید چرب امگا-3 و آنتی‌اکسیدان طی دوره‌ فلاشینگ بر برخی فراسنجه‌های خونی و خصوصیات بره‌زایی گوسفندان داشتی انجام شد. تجربیات اخیر نشان داده است که استفاده از امگا 3 و آنتی اکسیدان ها عملکرد تولید مثل را بهبود می بخشد. در این مطالعه، 256 رأس گوسفند، به‌طور تصادفی در 8 گروه آزمایشی و در هر گروه آزمایشی 32 رأس میش مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. میش‌ها، روزانه جیره‌های حاوی ویتامین E (800 واحد بین المللی/ روز)، روغن ماهی (35 گرم/کیلوگرم ماده خشک) و ال-کارنیتین (500 میلی گرم/کیلوگرم ماده خشک) و یا ترکیبی از این‌ها را دریافت کردند. نمونه‌های خون برای بررسی میزان لیپوپروتئین‌های با دانسیته‌ بالا، پایین، بسیار پایین، تری‌گلیسرید و کلسترول اخذ شد. تعداد فولیکول‌ها، دوقلوزایی، زنده‌مانی و سقط بررسی شد. غلظت سرمی لیپوپروتئین­ های با دانسیته پایین و لیپوپروتئین ­های با دانسیته بسیار پایین در تیمارهای روغن ماهی در مقایسه با دیگر تیمارها به­ طور معنی­ داری پایین ­تر بود (0/05>P).بیش ترین تعداد فولیکول در زمان قوچ اندازی، بیش ترین دوقلوزایی و کم ترین سقط در گروه‌های استفاده توام روغن ماهی و آنتی‌اکسیدان‌ها مشاهده شد (0/05>P). هم چنین کم ترین تعداد فولیکول‌ها، کم ترین دوقلوزایی و بیش ترین سقط در گروه روغن ماهی به تنهایی مشاهده شد (0/05>P). نتایج حاکی از این یافته‌ها نشان داد، ترکیبی از روغن ماهی و آنتی‌اکسیدان‌ها در جیره طی دوره‌ فلاشینگ، برای بهبود تولید مثل در میش‌ها در دوره‌ فلاشینگ توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of omega-3 fatty acid and antioxidant sources during flushing period on some blood parameters and lambing performance of breeding ewes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Hatami
  • Hossein Mansouri Yarahmadi
  • Jafar Fakhraei
  • Abbas Ahmadi
Department of Animal Science, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of using omega-3 fatty acid and antioxidant sources during flushing period on some blood parameters and lambing performance of breeding ewes. Recent experience has shown that the use of omega-3 and antioxidants improves reproduction performance. 256 ewes were randomly divided into 8 groups with 32 ewes. The ewes daily received diets containing vitamin E (800 IU/day), fish oil (35g/kg DM), and L-carnitine (500mg/kg DM) or a combination of these. The blood samples were collected to investigate HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C, triglycerides and cholesterol. Number of follicles, twinning, viability and abortion were investigated. Adding fish oil into diet, decreased LDL-C and VLDL-C (P<0.05). The highest number of follicles at the time of lambing, the highest number of twinning and the lowest number of abortions were observed in the groups of combined use of fish oil and antioxidants (P<0.05). Also, the lowest number of follicles, the lowest number of twinning and the highest number of abortions were observed in the fish oil group alone (P<0.05). The results showed that a combination of fish oil and antioxidants in the diet during the flushing period is recommended to improve reproduction in ewes during the flushing period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antioxidants
  • Bloods parameters
  • Fish oil
  • Flushing
  • Reproductive traits
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